Friday, February 14, 2020

Humans Create Powerful Symbols - Hornbill Figure Essay

Humans Create Powerful Symbols - Hornbill Figure - Essay Example They also believed this entity allowed energy flow from one being to the next in a cyclic process. This connection between mankind and the rest of all living things inspired men to associate the image of nature to the theory of the existence of a higher being with supreme powers. These connections could be either supernatural or spiritual. This symbolic connection has been passed down through numerous generations throughout history. Different cultures and religions use the symbolism in the ways that are adapted to suit their beliefs. The specially skilled Ibans of Sarawak, whom are known for their carvings include an exclusively designed hornbill figure. This is an example of the combination of religion, nature, and art. The ‘Hornbill Figure,' known as 'Kenyalang,' has essentially been the chief subject of interest among the Iban carvers of Sarawak, Malaysia (Davenport). It was between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that the Iban people began to show their culture by sc ulpting images of the hornbill. This also become a very important part of sacred ceremonies conducted by the Iban community. With a standard length of over 33 feet, the Hornbill Figure is traditionally created using wood, paint, cotton thread, plant, and wool materials and textiles. At the Fowler Museum, a person can take in the details of the art form of the hornbill sculpture. Its sharply pointed bill draws a huge curve and the painting on the body uses various strokes and pigments portraying how colorful the Iban festivals and culture are. Hornbill carvings are recognized as an art form but also is an indicator of the way of life of the Iban people. The unique portrayal of the carvings are associated with Iban’s greatest festive celebrations with religious rituals (Davenport). The Hornbill Figure typically is a special embodiment of a bird believed to possess knowledge and wisdom. Aside from bringing a prophecy to which Iban communities deeply relied on in the past, it is also considered a fundamental medium. This allowed for the blending of a spiritual dimension with the world of humans so they may possibly pass on their freedom to interact with spirits and supernatural beings for many reasons (Davenport). To achieve victory during war, the hornbill symbol and faith in its image was believed in to help aid in obtaining extraordinary power to intimidate and eventually subdue enemies. In particular, the custom of Iban’s Gawai Kenyalang had such strong meaning that it was used for the purpose of reaching success in raiding and headhunting (trophy-taking). During this, the heads taken from the enemies were claimed to have powers that could potentially add to the overall strength or invincibility of the victorious community (Davenport). Looking at the figure of the hornbill and evaluating the different features, one can feel the depth of the strong Malaysian history and culture. There is an aesthetic feeling that is brought out in its design that is highly representative of the culture of its people. Regardless of the complex processes of politics and the changes of culture for the Iban people through history that has impacted their lifestyles in several ways, the Ibans still believe in the hornbill image. The carved figure of the bird reflects the symbolism of courage and power of the Iban people. The artist takes the approach of providing exquisite carving as well as adding vibrant colors. The bird's eyes contain an intense yet subtle look. Unlike other icons of religion, the Hornbill Figure is more influential than many other types of symbols. This in turn makes the believers in its powers very strong. As the making of hornbill images increased

Saturday, February 1, 2020

On Agency Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

On Agency - Essay Example This is because any decision made will be on the basis that someone is watching. Agency is determined or limited by various factors of influence referred to as structure. Examples of structure include customs, religion, ethnicity, gender and social class. Panopticon is a building which has a central tower. At the periphery of Panopticon is an annular building; at the center is a tower. The tower is fitted with wide windows which open on to the inner side of the ring. The annular building is divided in to cells which extend to the whole width of the building. The cells have two windows. One window is on the inner side facing the central tower while the other is on the far end of the cell. It is strategically placed there to allow light to enter in to the cell traversing the whole cell. The Panopticon is a prison. The prisoners in the Panopticon are watched by the inspector from the central tower. However, they cannot be able to see inside the tower. This way, they never know when they are being watched or not. The prisoners therefore have to behave at all times because they feel that they are being watched even if no one is watching because they cannot tell. The only way that the prisoners counter attack the watch of the inspector is by turning their backs on him. They face the outer window leaving the inspector to watch their back. When the inspector notices this, he has to go and issue a warning to the prisoners from hiding from his watch. This situation is symbolic of how agency is first inhibited by society. Society has been structured in a manner similar to Panopticon. Just like the prisoners, someone somewhere is always watching. The problem is, you can never know who it is and where exactly they are watching you from. The two windows are symbolic of the options of power and rules, and agency. The inner opening are the rules which have been laid down to dictate the manner in which things are to be done. The outer window symbolizes the possibility of indepe ndence; agency. This can be verified by the manner in which the prisoners turn their backs on the inspector and face the outer window. Similarly, we as individuals turn our backs from what has been decided for us and seek comfort by looking for the possibility of independence. It however takes little time for society to come running to us, in many forms, reminding us that our actions and decisions should be in line with its expectations. This is one perspective of viewing the reasons why agency cannot and has not been fully realized in society. As pointed out earlier, agency is the extent to which individuals make their own free choices; alternatively, it is the ability of an individual to act on their own will. However, this ability will be limited by more than just being watched by society. Personal experiences, and individual and societal perceptions, with respect to the circumstances that an individual is in and the environment that they have been born in or are part of, form a cognitive belief structure. These beliefs will affect one’s ability to act on their own will as they often cause conflicts between parties that are involved. For example, a child who wants to be a musician and has been born in family of scholars such as engineers, will have a hard time convincing their parents. This is because the cognitive belief that the family has formed is that success can only be achieved when one finds a career in books rather than in

Friday, January 24, 2020

Dragons Legacy :: essays research papers

Foreword In the days of the Ancients there was a race like no other, for they were blessed with a unique gift of being able to speak and understand Dragon Tongue. Rumors spread about these magical folk, penetrating right into the heart of the Evil Lord’s great fortress in the Dark Lands. Evil Lord Malus Dominus heard of this race, and he became worried. All knew that dragons were a superior race that could be only be defeated by immortals. They were the strongest creatures alive. If these folk were to forge an alliance with the dragons he would surely perish. Before dawn the next day, he had summoned his undead warriors. They had destroyed the race before daybreak †¦ well that’s what they thought. A few hours later some traders passed by the spot where the village had been and they heard a noise. When they went to investigate they found a child wrapped in a silk sheet just barely alive. So they took the child and raised it as one of there own never knowing its secret. Chapter 1 – The Truth Realized The merchant’s son Dazhrej was the finest archer in the Princedom of Vellant’im. His father Rovnir went to the inn every night and gloated. The bandit had slain the guards surrounding the treasury and made off with the loot. If Dazhrej had not had to fetch some more silk for his father he would not have seen the bandit making off with the Prince’s treasure covered in the blood of the Prince’s royal guards. Dazhrej yelled for the man to stop. The bandit obliged, turned around and went for his barbed throwing knife. Before he had a chance to throw it he had an arrow in his arm pinning it to a tree. Before the fellow had a chance to take in the damage he had another arrow right between his eyes. The Prince thanked Dazhrej for recovering his treasure and rewarded Dazhrej by offering to foster him until knighthood. Dazhrej gladly accepted†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. Three years later Dazhrej now excelled in swordplay, knife fighting and magic. â€Å"Dazhrej, have the horses been readied?† asked Prince Ronan. â€Å"Yes, your highness,† Dazhrej replied. â€Å"We leave at sunrise,† the Prince said. â€Å"Ah, Prince Ronan, where are we going?† Dazhrej asked with curiosity. â€Å"The Grand Congregation of course,† replied Prince Ronan. â€Å"Every Prince is going to be there. It’s where we draw up the trade laws, permits and settle disputes between the Princedoms.† â€Å"Oh. Why did you not go last year or the year before?

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Panera Bread Case Analysis

Panera Bread Company is a leader in the easy casual restaurant industry with multiple cafà ©-bakeries located in 36 states, of the United States. Panera operates under the banner of Panera and Saint Louis Bread Company. Almost 400 of its 1,027 bakeries are company-operated and the remainders are franchisees. Panera Bread’s core competencies are in their market niche, offering a premium specialty bakery and cafà © experience to suburban and urban residents. Penera’s focus is offering their customers with better than their rivals, making the dining experience so attractive to their customers will pass up their competitors in outlets of other easy casual restaurants to dine at the nearest Panera Bread A strategic issues is substitutes and threats of substitutes in Penear Bread Company’s distinctive competencies, their menu. Penera’s menu is being substituted by new rivals. New restaurant chains, in fast-casual and other categories are becoming more competitively fierce and are drawing customers by imitating Panera’s menus at a lower cost. To address this strategic issue, I recommend Panera to employ an offensive strategy to increase sales during prime times such as lunch and dinner, continue to be more innovative by implementing in-depth surveys to customers, employees, via text messages, e-mails, etc., and execute a plan for managers to manage by walking around (MBWA) communicating and listening to employees and customers. Example, this technique has worked successfully for companies like Wal-Mart who have been very successful in using the (MBWA) strategy. This will draw and boost their customer base giving them a sustainable competitive advantage.

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Philosophy Of The Human Person - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 550 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2018/12/30 Category Philosophy Essay Type Research paper Level High school Tags: Life Essay Personality Essay Did you like this example? Philosophy as a discipline is the ultimate determinant of a person, race, as well as history. Human beings now understand their surrounding due to philosophy. It is evident that human beings are completely different from other creatures hence unique. In addition, human beings have the power to control most of the occurrences as well as other beings in the universe. Seemingly, the analogical notion is because of philosophy. For instance, both matter and angels have life. In real sense, God is the creator of both matter and the angels buy. Clearly, matter is a composition of material things whereas angels are form without matter. Additionally, matter is anything that occupies space and has mass.The uniting factor in matter and they angels is that both of them were created by God and that all of them have a sense of each other in their existence. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Philosophy Of The Human Person" essay for you Create order Consequently, only God is distinct in determining the essences and existence of everything under His creation. Gods distinct characteristic makes Him incomparable to no one. God has powers over everyone and everything in the universe. Additionally, God is the only one who barely has an identical as His powers are above everyone elses powers. However, human beings are a form of analogy. In like manner, different people react to various situations differently. For example, when a pen is given to different individuals, all of them will have their views of the pen. The first person may say it is a house meant for pigs. The other will say that it is a tool used to enhance manual writing. All these arguments are because human beings are analogical. The next individual might conclude that a pen is an object thus can be used as a toy. Moreover, the human soul is the factor responsible for the sensitive nature of human beings. The human soul is made up of different species that give human beings various characteristics. More importantly, it gives the body the characteristic of being formal. This includes being living or having a sensitive body among others. Unlike the woods in trees as well as muscles in animals, the human body consists of only the soul and matter. Research has it the human soul has the capability of surviving even after death. Therefore, the human soul in the body determines whether it is made by various species hence making the soul composite. The formal nature of the human body determines whether something in existences is a reality or not. Further, the soul gives the human body a variety of species. Therefore, it can be said that the human body is made up of various materials thus giving the soul the composite characteristic. The formal nature of the human beings seeks to identify the characteristics of objects that exist in reality. It describes the different characteristics of the materials that consist of the human body as well as soul. Nevertheless, research has it that living things have matter. Just like other living organisms, human beings have matter too. In the events of human deaths, matter in their bodies becomes tangible. A matter of concern is that philosophy barely explains where the matter and form of dead human beings goes. Also, a clearly explanation of where the soul departs to is barely explained thus causing a dilemma.

Sunday, December 22, 2019

Breast Milk Is The Best Nutrition For Infants Essay

Introduction Breast milk is the best nutrition for infants, especially preterm infants by providing exact nutrient for growth and to fight disease (Meier, Engstrom, Patel, Jegier Bruns, 2010). According to Hake-Brooks Anderson (2008), â€Å"Preterm infants who are fed breast-milk have a lower incidence and severity of infection during hospitalization, including necrotizing enterocolitis, diarrhea, and sepsis. They have less retinopathy of prematurity, superior cognitive and motor development and decreased length of hospital stay (p. 151).† Unfortunately, breast-feeding preterm infants poses difficulty among mothers including physical and emotional barriers (Hake-Brooks Anderson, 2008). Nurses have the opportunity to develop a trusting relationship with this population to encourage and facilitate breast-feeding preterm infants by providing continual support and implementing specific interventions (Hake-Brooks Anderson, 2008). Nursing intervention and support can empower mothers to be pe rsistent in overcoming the barriers of breast-feeding to provide preterm infants with optimal nutrition (Ahmed, 2008; Hake-Brooks Anderson, 2008; Maastrup, Bojensen, Kronborg Hallstrom, 2012; Wheeler, 2009; Yildiz Arikan, 2011) Article Summaries In Hake-Brooks and Anderson’s (2008) quantitative study, the researchers conducted a randomized control trial to determine the effects of kangaroo care (KC) on breastfeeding in preterm infants. A sample of 66 mothers and their preterm infantsShow MoreRelatedInfant Nutrition: What is best for your baby - breast milk or formula?1795 Words   |  8 Pagesyour life forever. Though your baby is not here yet, you already know that you want the best for your baby - the best opportunities, the best schools and the best education. Simply, you want your baby to have the best in life. The first and most important decision that you will make for your baby is whether to feed your baby breast milk or formula. Many women today are opting for formula, but what is the best choice? There are advantages and disadvantages to both breastfeeding and formula feedingRead MoreExpository Essay - Breastfeeding1448 Words   |  6 Pagesdecision that will give your child the best start in life is very simple; breastfeeding. Breastfeeding has numerous physical and psychological benefits that it provides an infant. These benefits are often greatly underestimated and under-emphasized. There are many details that go into enforcing the fact that breastfeeding has been proven to be the optimal nutrition for infants, and these details are crucial in encouraging mothers to do what is ultimately the best thing possible for their children. Read MoreEssay on Promote and Support Breastfeeding973 Words   |  4 PagesMain Points According to the American Dietetic Association, â€Å"exclusive breastfeeding provides optimal nutrition and health protection for the first 6 months of life and breastfeeding with complementary foods from 6 months until at least 12 months of age is the ideal feeding pattern for infants.†1 Breastfeeding has many benefits to mother and baby.1 Infant and children mobility and mortality are greatly improved due to the promotion of breastfeeding as an important health strategy.1 The promotionRead MoreFeeding An Infant Is One Of The Best Ways A Parent Or A Care Provider1354 Words   |  6 Pages Feeding an infant is one of the best ways a parent or a care provider can demonstrate affection, nurturing, and security needed to develop early positive experiences that will serve as a template for a young brain to develop and function harmoniously. The first five years of a child’s life are both dynamic and important in healthy brain development. As infants get older, they will learn as fast as they will in their entire life during their earliest days. Infants require a nurturing environmentRead MoreBreastfeeding : The Natural Source Of Nutrition For Babies1175 Words   |  5 PagesAs it is the natural source of nutrition for babies, breast milk is the best food to give a baby. The benefits of breastfeeding extend well beyond basic nutrition. Not only does breast milk contain all the vitamins and nutrients a baby needs in the first six months of life, breast milk is packed with disease-fighting substances that protect the baby from illness. This is just one of the many rea sons exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months is recommended by several medical authorities, althoughRead More Breast Feeding vs Formula Essay1357 Words   |  6 Pages Breast-feeding is nutritionally, emotionally and physically superior for a mother and her child. â€Å"Human breast milk is not standard nor is it interchangeable with cow’s milk. It is a dynamic fluid that changes in composition to meet the needs of the baby as it grows† (â€Å"Giving your Baby... Diet.† par. #10). Breast milk contains growth factors and antibodies which stimulate the growing baby and protect it from illness such as diarrhea, ear infections, rashes, allergies, asthma, skin problems, pneumoniaRead MoreThe Importance and Benefits of Breastfeeding683 Words   |  3 Pagesinherently desires more than just mere adequacy, she wants the best. Often times, a new mother may spend much of the day and night concerned about the well being of her child. One of the greatest areas of this contemplation is the child’s health, an area in which a mother knowingly or unknowingly may be at risk of insufficient education. Thus, one may not know that lifelong health and wellness is greatly affected by one getting proper nutrition during their most vulnerable stage of life, infancy. DuringRead MoreGot Breast Milk? Comparing Breast Milk To Infant Formula.1363 Words   |  6 PagesGot Breast Milk? Comparing Breast Milk to Infant Formula Parents want to make the best choices for their children. At birth, the decision needs to be made on how a baby will receive nourishment. This decision can impact a child for the rest of their lives. Comparing breast milk to infant formula will determine that breast milk is definitely the best choice for babies. Breast milk is better than infant formula because it provides immune-boosting antibodies, has a higher nutritional value, and leadsRead MoreWhat Milk Really Do Our Body908 Words   |  4 PagesWhat Milk really do to our body We lived in myths for centuries long, but what milk really do to our body? However, milk does not do a body good. Even though it is still a part of our meal plan and milk consumption is the biggest part of food chain. When I was in high school, my chemistry teacher, Chuck Schietinger, who is anti-milk, he told us milk contains saturated fats and its pH is between 6.7 and 6.5, so milk is an acid which causes calcium loss. For a worse situation, milk may cause cancerRead MoreA Research Study On Nursing Practice1604 Words   |  7 Pagespatients receive and to provide them with the best possible outcomes. Many nursing practices are implemented into daily care only after research studies have been conducted. The evidence provided from these studies helps the population make informed choices and allows nurses to recommend practices that are most beneficial to the patient. One such debate is still very common and includes new mothers and their decision to breastfeed or formula feed their infant. Many opinions have been thrown around when